7 Essential Characteristics of Healthy Teams

How do you know if your team is healthy? Use these characteristics as a checklist.

What fosters team spirit? What makes a healthy team?

All of us want to serve on healthy teams. Every good leader I know would want to lead a healthy team.

Most of us understand progress towards a vision is more possible if a healthy team is working together.

Also, all of us want to go home at night feeling we’ve done our best, we are appreciated for our efforts, and are ready to go at it again tomorrow. And, those emotions come best when we are serving on a healthy team.


I’ve led many teams through my career—in business, non-profits and in the church. I’ve written lots of posts on healthy teams and included thoughts on creating them in my book The Mythical Leader. Some teams I have led I would say were healthy, some weren’t and some were “under construction.” As a leader, I must take complete ownership of each of those scenarios. Team spirit—healthy teams—are greatly shaped by the leadership of the team. (And, that’s a hard word when, as a leader, we know the team isn’t as healthy as it should be.)

There are also seasons for every team. There will be seasons, maybe even because of external influences, where a healthy team is not as healthy as it once was. Among the healthy teams on which I’ve served though, the people and personalities were different, but there have been some commonalities I could clearly identify.


1. Clear Mission, Vision and Strategy

To feel a part of the team, people need to know where the team is going, why they are going there and what their role is on the team. An understanding of the overall goals and objectives fuels energy. When the big picture objective is understood each team member is more willing to pull together to accomplish the mission, because they know the why and can better understand where they fit on the team.

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2. Healthy Relationships

For a team to have team spirit it needs to be filled with team members who actually like each other and enjoy spending time with one another. This doesn’t mean there isn’t conflict, but conflict is used to make the team stronger not to divide people. There are no hidden agendas or suppressed grudges among team members. (As a leader, when I realize there is unresolved conflict on our team I know I can’t ignore it.)

3. Celebratory Atmosphere

Laughter builds community. A team needs time just to have fun together. And, there needs to be a freedom for spontaneous (and planned) celebration. People need to feel appreciated for their work and that their participation is making a positive difference. On healthy teams no one every person is valued for their contributions. Encouragement is free-flowing and genuine.

4. Joint Ownership—From Everyone on the Team

This one is huge, because without it the team won’t be completely healthy. Here’s the reality—some people are not team players. Period. They checked out years ago and are now just drawing a paycheck—or continuing to hold onto a title. They may be great people, but they aren’t building team spirit anymore. They don’t want to be on the team or not in the position they’ve been asked to play. Team spirit is built by people who are in it for the common win of the team.

5. Shared Sufferings

A healthy team spirit says, “we are in this together”—through good times and hard times. In addition to laughing together, a good-spirited team can cry together through difficulties of life. They share the pain when things aren’t going well—regardless if it’s “their area” of responsibility.

6. Shared Workload

There are no turf wars on a healthy team. Silos are eliminated and job descriptions frequently overlap. Everyone pulls equal weight and helps one another accomplish individual and collective goals.

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7. Leadership Embraces Team

This may be the biggest one. As a leader, it’s easy to get distracted with my own responsibilities—even live in my own little world. And, let’s be honest, some leaders would prefer to lead from the penthouse suite. They give orders well, they are good at controlling things, but they do not really enjoy playing the game with the team. A healthy team spirit requires involvement from every level, but a team mindset must especially come from leadership.

It’s a challenge leaders. Why don’t you use this as a checklist of sorts to evaluate. How’s your team doing?

Let’s build better teams.

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Ron Edmondson is CEO of Leadership Network, former pastor at Immanuel Baptist Church in Lexington, Kentucky, and the planter of two churches. This article originally appeared on RonEdmondson.com.